A Psychological Disorder
By: Janelys Araujo
Welcome to this blog, for this post I’ll be talking about a Psychological Disorder, which includes Specific Phobias.
The psychological disorder that is the most interesting to me are the specific phobias which are intense, irrational fears of specific objects or situations. It’s interesting to me because you can be afraid of things that other people find normal. For example, some specific phobias that I didn’t know about include acrophobia which is a fear of high places, xenophobia which is a fear of strangers and social phobia which is a fear of being judged or embarrassed by others. Something that I learned was that specific phobias are focused on animals, insects, germs, heights, thunder, driving, public transportation, flying, dental or medical procedures and elevators. I learned that some phobias develop during childhood but come up during adolescence or early adulthood. It’s interesting because you could be afraid of something that you weren’t before. I didn’t know that even if people realize that their fear is irrational, just thinking about it causes them extreme anxiety. I wonder how people overcome their fears and what kind of help they need to do so. I learned that phobias have a minor impact on a person’s life if they can avoid the stimuli that trigger the fear.
When you develop a specific phobia, you also develop environmental, temperamental and genetic risk factors. Some temperamental risk factors when developing phobias include negative affectivity, which is a tendency to feel negative emotions or behavioral inhibition. Environmental risk factors are parental overprotectiveness, physical and sexual abuse, and traumatic encounters. Lastly, genetic risk factors are those where an individual has an immediate relative with a specific phobia making them more likely to have the same phobia. Some treatment options include medication, a therapeutic technique, or help from a mental health professional. There is also Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which helps you change the way you react to your phobia. Specific Phobias bring out reactions such as crying, tantrums, freezing or clinging in children. Fear and anxiety are always present and this causes a decline in a person’s social, occupational, or other areas of function.
Other Treatments Include:
- Exposure Therapy
- Medications: Beta Blockers and Sedatives
- Relaxation Techniques
- Physical Activities and Exercise
- Talk openly
- Support Groups
Symptoms of Specific Phobias
- Chest pain or tightness
- Trembling or Shaking
- Difficulty breathing
- Racing heart
For more information go to: https://youtu.be/PCOg2G797ek